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Degradation of human apolipoprotein B-100 by apolipoprotein(a)

FEBS letters / v.336 no.2. 1993, pp.327-329

Author : Chulkova, T.M. ; Tertov, V.V.

Abstract : Human plasma low density lipoproteine (LDL) contain a very high molecular weight protein termed apoB-100 (M r = 550,000). In many samples of LDL, minor components designated as apoB-74 (M r = 407,000) and apoB-26 (M r = 145,000) are present. It has been shown that they can arise as a result of proteolytic degradation of apoB-100. Our earlier studies demonstrated that the active forms of lipoprotein(a) (LP(a)) and apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) possess proteolytic activity. In the present study we investigated the possibility of apoB-100 degradation in the presence of activated apo(a). LDL were incubated with the purified apo(a) and analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It was found that apoB is cleaved by apo(a) with formation of proteolytic fragments including B-74 and B-26. The physiological significance of apoB degradation under the action of apo(a) is considered.

Keyword : Lipoprotein(a) . Apolipoprotein(a) . Apolipoprotein B-100 . Proteolytic degradation

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